Prophet Solomon, the Devils (Shayaateen), Magic, the Angels Harut and Marut and Baabil (Babylon)By Quran Academy July 9th, The Quran elucidates the misconception related to the role of two Angels, Harut and Marut, who are known to be behind bringing dark magic to this world. Allah SWT says in the Quran:. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it magic would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their own selves, if they but knew. And if they had believed, and guarded themselves from evil and kept their duty to Allah, far better would have been the reward from their Lord, if they but knew!
Harut and Marut
There are many other claims and associations made with respect to Sulayman alayhis salaam which he is free of. In this article we want to clarify the Qur'anic treatment of this subject which absolves and exonerates Sulayman alayhis salaam from the false things attributed to him. Note here that in this verse Allaah is referring to the Jews contemporary to the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wasallam and it is an indication that they continued upon that magic that the devils rehearsed to the people in the time of Sulaymaan in the 10th century BC. In this verse Allaah, is clearing Sulayman from that false accusation and recounting the historical facts and realities. In the 6th century BC. When these Jews came to Babylon , in addition to the magic they had learned from the devils, they also learned of the magic at Babil part of which came to the people through the angels Harut and Marut. Babil was a center of occult science, and it was the place of the Chaldeans who were star and planet worshipers.
The Quran indicates that they were a trial for the people and through them the people were tested with sorcery. The names are probably etymologically related to Haurvatat and Ameretat , two Zoroastrian archangels. The angels were astonished at the acts of disobedience committed by the human beings on earth, claiming they would do better than them. Therefore, God challenged the angels to choose two representatives among them, who would descend to earth and be endowed with bodily desires. During their stay on earth, they fell in love with a woman named Zohra often identified with Venus. She told them she would become intimate with them if they joined her in idolatry. The angels refused and remained pious.
Harut and Marut are two angels mentioned in ayah (verse) of the second surah of the the buried scriptures and said: This was a book revealed by Allah to Sulaiman who hid it from us. Some Islamic exegetes prefer to view Harut and Marut as ordinary men than actual angels, who learned magic from devils since.
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On seeing these deeds, the residents of the heavens began to find fault in the sins being committed by the dwellers of the earth like disobeying Allah and making false allegations against Him. They used to say that Allah is high and above what the dwellers of the world say about Him. At last, a group of angels requested Allah: O Nourisher! Do You not frown upon Your creations who make false allegations against You and who disobey You even though You have prohibited them from doing such things? O Lord! You tolerate them even though all of them are in Your control and are living a life of ease due to Your bounties. So Allah willed to show to the angels what is His perfect Power and how He issues His commandments in the world of His creation, and to make the angels aware of His blessings as they have been created sinless and He has made them distinct among His creations and has made them ever obedient and has not given them the power of sinning.